How to Install Caffe and PyCaffe on Jetson TX2

Recently I started to use Caffe on Jetson TX2/TX1 since it is the deep learning framework best supported by NVIDIA TensorRT. At the time of this writing, the latest version of TensorRT for TX2/XT1 is TensorRT 2.1, which is included in JetPack-3.1.

Below I documented how I installed Caffe and PyCaffe for python3 on my Jetson TX2. Note that most of the Caffe installation tutorials I found online were using python2.7. I had to modify a few things to make everything working for python3.


  • Complete installation of JetPack-3.1 on the target Jetson TX2.
  • Build and install opencv-3.3.0, and make sure its python3 bindings are working properly. You can reference my How to Install OpenCV (3.3.0) on Jetson TX2 post.


Installation Steps:

Note that in the following installation steps I omitted OpenCV and CUDA toolkit stuffs since they were already installed by the prerequisites.

### Install dependencies for Ubuntu (< 17.04), while omitting libopencv-dev
$ sudo apt-get install libprotobuf-dev libleveldb-dev libsnappy-dev libhdf5-serial-dev protobuf-compiler
$ sudo apt-get install --no-install-recommends libboost-all-dev
$ sudo apt-get install libgflags-dev libgoogle-glog-dev liblmdb-dev
$ sudo apt-get install libatlas-base-dev
$ sudo apt-get install python3-dev

Next I’d grab Caffe source code from GitHub and create a Makefile.config for Jetson TX2. Basically I modified the following things from Makefile.config.example.

  • Set USE_CUDNN := 1
  • Add compute_62 (for TX2) and compute_53 (for TX1) into CUDA_ARCH
  • Replace python2.7 stuffs with python3.5
  • Add /usr/include/hdf5/serial into INCLUDE_DIRS
  • Add /usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu and /usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/hdf5/serial into LIBRARY_DIRS

The resulting Makefile.config could be downloaded from here.

$ cd ~
$ git clone
$ cd caffe
$ cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config
$ vim Makefile.config   # Modify this file according to the above
$ make -j4 all
$ make -j4 test
### Test and verify the caffe build
$ make runtest

The rest of the steps were for python3. Note that I had to upgrade python-dateutil specifically, and I also had to install leveldb-0.20 and matplotlib (2.0.2) from source to make them work properly. Specifically I referenced this article, Resolved: Matplotlib figures not showing up or displaying, to fix the problem of matplotlib for python3.

$ sudo apt-get install python3-pip
$ sudo pip3 install --upgrade pip
$ sudo pip3 install --upgrade setuptools
$ sudo pip3 install -r ~/caffe/python/requirements.txt
$ sudo pip3 install --upgrade python-dateutil
$ cd ~
$ mkdir -p src
$ cd src
### Build and install leveldb-0.20
$ wget
$ tar xzvf leveldb-0.20.tar.gz
$ cd leveldb-0.20
$ python3 build
$ sudo python3 install
### Build and install matplotlib (2.0.2)
$ cd ~/src
$ git clone
$ cd matplotlib
$ python3 build
$ sudo python3 install
$ sudo apt-get install tcl-dev tk-dev
$ sudo pip3 install pytk
### Final step: modify matplotlibrc (line #38) to use TkAgg as the default backend
$ sudo vim /usr/local/lib/python3.5/dist-packages/matplotlib/mpl-data/matplotlibrc
### build pycaffe
cd ~/caffe
make pycaffe

Finally, I’d add the following line to ~/.bashrc.

export PYTHONPATH=/home/nvidia/caffe/python

At this point, the installation was completed. I’d verify it with:

$ python3
>>> import numpy as np
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> import caffe

In addition, I’d also benchmark Caffe performance on Jetson TX2 by: (Set Jetson TX2 to max performance mode with nvpmodel and ~/ beforehand. Reference link.)

$ cd ~/caffe
$ ./build/tools/caffe time --gpu 0 --model ./models/bvlc_alexnet/deploy.prototx
I0913 10:54:53.395604  5992 caffe.cpp:417] Average Forward pass: 47.4552 ms.
I0913 10:54:53.395627  5992 caffe.cpp:419] Average Backward pass: 71.7691 ms.
I0913 10:54:53.395647  5992 caffe.cpp:421] Average Forward-Backward: 119.431 ms.
I0913 10:54:53.395689  5992 caffe.cpp:423] Total Time: 5971.55 ms.
I0913 10:54:53.395800  5992 caffe.cpp:424] *** Benchmark ends ***

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